The criteria for starting anti-retrovirals in pregnancy are
1. If the CD4 is LOW (<350) or the Viral load is elevated, then start THREE drugs IMMEDIATELY
2. If the CD4 is HIGH (>350) and the viral load is LOW, then start medications in the 2nd and 3rd trimester and stop after delivery
3. C-Section is ONLY used if the viral load is above ONE THOUSAND. this is a special cut off just for preventing perinatal transmission of HIV.